The reality however is that the leading lights of the Congress Party have over the decades undermined many aspects of the Constitution that Ambedkar stood for.
One of the most illiberal actions of the Congress Party has been to sully the Preamble of the Constitution with a phony commitment to Social Justice that requires every political party in India to subscribe to its version of socialism.
It is a little known or appreciated fact that Ambedkar was not just an icon of Dalit empowerment but he was also a voice of sagacity on preserving the sanctity Constitution.
Ambedkar’s sagacity on this issue is most evident in these remarks where he rejected the notion that the Constitution should dictate the form of economic systems that an India of the future should be prisoner to.
The Constituent Assembly while debating Ambedkar’s Constitution Bill, also took up the question of the Preamble for the Constitution. Ambedkar makes a strong argument against the current situation of having Socialism ingrained in the Preamble and requiring every political party to express faith in it.
What should be the policy of the State, how the Society should be organised in its social and economic side are matters which must be decided by the people themselves according to time and circumstances.
It cannot be laid down in the Constitution itself, because that is destroying democracy altogether. If you state in the Constitution that the social organisation of the State shall take a particular form, you are, in my judgment, taking away the liberty of the people to decide what should be the social organisation in which they wish to live.
It is perfectly possible today, for the majority people to hold that the socialist organisation of society is better than the capitalist organisation of society.
But it would be perfectly possible for thinking people to devise some other form of social organisation which might be better than the socialist organisation of today or of tomorrow.
I do not see therefore why the Constitution should tie down the people to live in a particular form and not leave it to the people themselves to decide it for themselves.
In a clear repudiation of Ambedkar’s Legacy the Congress Party under Indira Gandhi did exactly the opposite.
This should serve as a reminder to every Indian including those who look up to Ambedkar as a symbol of empowerment that no part of the Constitution has sanctity in the eyes of the Congress Party.